#Basel

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28 11, 2022

DAILY112822

2022-11-28T16:52:04-05:00November 28th, 2022|2- Daily Briefing|

Fed Staff Paper Counters CBDC First-Mover Arguments

Supporting the Fed’s decision not to move quickly on CBDC (see FSM Report CBDC10), a new Fed staff paper found little evidence of any national first-mover advantages, running counter to many lawmakers’ concerns about the US falling behind China or Europe (see Client Report CBDC13).  The paper argues that the speed of technological innovation, the ability of large economies to dictate technology standards, and the ability of subsequent movers to improve on the design of first movers minimizes any early advantages gained in international payments.  It also reiterates the Fed’s view that the dollar’s position as the global reserve currency is not at risk, citing the slow nature of historical financial transitions.

Basel Turns Focus To NBFI Interconnectedness, Leverage-Ratio Risk

Continuing the global-regulatory focus on nonbank financial intermediation (see Client Report NBFI2), the Basel Committee last week concluded that continued NBFI sector growth poses financial-stability concerns and highlighted interconnectedness risks and inadequate management practices.  Specific concerns center on due-diligence failures, margining practices, and limit frameworks.  The Committee also identifies regulatory arbitrage regarding the leverage ratio, providing no explanation of what this might entail.  Additional areas of concern include NBFI counterparty exposure through derivatives and securities financing, leveraged lending, prime brokerage, and cryptoasset services.

Daily112822.pdf

16 11, 2022

DAILY111622

2022-11-16T17:14:29-05:00November 16th, 2022|2- Daily Briefing|

Treasury Calls for Tough Fintech and Bank-Partnership Protection, Prudential Standards

Treasury has completed a long-pending study of the extent to which nonbank fintechs compete with banks and how this affects financial stability and consumer protection.  We will shortly provide clients with an in-depth analysis of this report, for which Karen Petrou was extensively interviewed as now noted publicly in the appendix.  The report was ordered by the Secretary in compliance with President Biden’s competition order (see Client Report MERGER6), finding that nonbank fintechs directly compete with banks and thus may reduce current concentration levels, sure to influence the inter-agency bank-merger policy that remains to be finalized.

Williams Presses for NBFI Standards

In remarks today, FRB-NY President John Williams said that the central bank should not adjust monetary policy to address the price-stability challenges of volatile Treasury markets and that financial-stability questions have generally been well-addressed as evident in the sound U.S. banking system.  Noting recent findings in the latest staff report (see Client Report TMARKET3), Mr. Williams also called for structural changes to NBFIs along lines also laid out by the FSB (see Client Report NBFI2), arguing that MMFs and other NBFIs must be a market source of strength, not of vulnerability requiring rescue beyond the Fed’s new standing facility.

G20 Blesses FSB, Basel Work Plans

In addition to top-priority concerns such as Ukraine, the G-20 Leader’s Declaration today tackled the usual financial-policy agenda, supporting the FSB’s recent NBFI report (see Client

15 11, 2022

REFORM214

2022-11-22T15:27:38-05:00November 15th, 2022|5- Client Report|

Crypto, Deposit Rates, Capital Top Senate Discussion

At today’s Senate Banking oversight hearing with the banking agencies, Chairman Brown (D-OH) generally applauded the work of regulators, emphasizing the need for tough standards, like-kind rules for bigtech companies, and an inquiry into why depositor interest rates lag Fed rate hikes along lines posed earlier by Sen. Reed (D-RI).  FDIC Acting Chairman Gruenberg concurred, criticizing banks for sluggish rates.  Ranking Member Toomey (R-PA) reiterated his longstanding complaints about regulators straying outside their mission in areas such as climate change.  He also called for SLR relief to reduce Treasury-market risk and opposed pending large-bank resolution guidance (see FSM Report LIVINGWILL19) on grounds that it is unnecessary.

REFORM214.pdf

14 11, 2022

DAILY111422

2022-11-14T17:00:05-05:00November 14th, 2022|2- Daily Briefing|

FSB Thinks 2020 Reg Relief Could Go, Stay – It All Depends

In conjunction with the G20 summit, the FSB has released a policy paper assessing the extent to which various pandemic-related regulatory forbearances should be continued.

FSB Reiterates Climate, Crypto, NBFI Plans

The FSB head’s letter to the G20 today reiterates all of the priorities expressed in its October letter to G20 finance ministers.

Regulatory Hearings to Address Last-Gasp 2022 Agenda, Position Panels for a Busy New Year

With GOP House and Democratic Senate control largely assured, this week’s hearings with Messrs. Barr, Gruenberg, Harper, and Hsu will illuminate not only current priorities – most notably what’s next for federal crypto law and rule – but also the very different priorities HFSC and Senate Banking will advance in the next Congress.

FRB-NY Staff: Big U.S. Banks Remain Extremely Resilient

In its latest assessment of the vulnerability of the fifty largest U.S. BHCs, Federal Reserve Bank of New York staff confirmed the overall rosy assessment of bank resilience in the Board’s latest financial-stability report (see Client Report SYSTEMIC94).

OCC Ramps Up Fair-Lending Enforcement

In remarks delivered for Acting Comptroller Hsu, Senior Deputy Comptroller for Bank Supervision Policy Grovetta Gardineer reiterated that ensuring fairness is a top OCC priority.

Gruenberg Finally Gets the Nod

Knowing now that he has secured Democratic Senate control into next year, President Biden today finally and formally nominated Acting FDIC Chairman Gruenberg to assume the chairmanship.

Daily111422.pdf

8 11, 2022

DAILY110822

2022-11-08T16:54:50-05:00November 8th, 2022|2- Daily Briefing|

EU Council Eases Basel End-Game Rules

Ahead of U.S. action on what is now being called the Basel “end-game,” the Council of the European Union today announced a set of compromises and delays to finalize the standard.  The output floors (see FSM Report CAPITAL220) will apply at both the parent banking group and subsidiary banks, but EU banks will have the discretion to consolidate capital at the highest parent level in each EU nation.  The Council release provides no details, indicating only “technical improvements” were made to the Basel credit-, market-, and operational- risk standards and small banks now have unspecified breaks, including with regard to disclosure.

BIS: CBDC Could Boost Deposit Rates, Small Banks

A new BIS staff paper differentiates its analysis of CBDC’s monetary-policy transmission impact by distinguishing between the extent to which large and small U.S. banks respond to different rates paid in interest on reserves (IOR).  Large banks are found to be unresponsive to IOR changes, making CBDC necessary to force them to increase rates on deposits via the competition channel rather than a traditional monetary-policy tool.  To the extent this reasoning takes hold, it could prove potent with Democrats who not only often favor CBDC, but are also increasingly angry about what they see as large-bank failures to raise deposit rates in lock-step with Fed hikes.

Daily110822.pdf

5 10, 2022

DAILY100522

2022-10-05T16:59:59-04:00October 5th, 2022|2- Daily Briefing|

GOP Demands AG’s CBDC Ruling

HFSC Republicans today sent a letter to Attorney General Merrick Garland demanding a copy of the DoJ’s assessment on whether legislation is necessary to issue a CBDC required and due on September 5 by the President’s crypto executive order (see Client Report CRYPTO26).  Citing both Congress’ exclusive authority to coin money and Chairman Powell’s (see Client Report FEDERALRESERVE71) and Vice Chair Brainard’s (see Client Report CBDC13) ambiguous discussion of what constitutes CBDC “approval,” the Republicans reiterate that the Fed does not have the authority to issue a CBDC under current law.

Basel Blesses Counter-Cyclical Buffers

Following the FSB’s directive, the Basel Committee today issued a newsletter on counter-cyclical capital buffers (CCyBs) and a detailed report on capital and liquidity buffers.  The FSB has posited that one reason for both bank resilience and pandemic-related credit shortages was the unwillingness of banks to dip into buffers.  As we noted recently, Treasury Under Secretary Liang praised CCyBs and Basel’s newsletter reaches the same conclusion.  However, the detailed report finds that CCyB release had a weaker, albeit discernible, effect than express regulatory decisions to allow banks to use their capital buffers.

Daily100522.pdf

30 09, 2022

DAILY093022

2022-10-03T13:40:26-04:00September 30th, 2022|2- Daily Briefing|

Brainard Acknowledges Risk But Sticks to Policy Guns

Responding to acute concerns that Fed policy will shatter global financial stability, Fed Vice Chair Brainard today emphasized her longstanding and once-isolated view that monetary policy must consider financial stability.

Global Standard-Setters Turn to Clearing Margin, Liquidity

The Basel Committee, IOSCO, and CPMI issued the first substantive response to the FSB’s decision to target margining practices following its review of the 2020 financial crisis and the need to address nonbank financial intermediation (see Client Report NBFI).

HFSC Republicans Denounce Beneficial Ownership Rule

HFSC Ranking Member McHenry (R-NC) and Rep. Luetkemeyer (R-MO) released a statement today sharply criticizing FinCEN’s beneficial ownership final rule as overly broad and complex.

Basel Concludes High Capital Compatible with Sustained Profitability

The Basel Committee today released its latest report on bank capitalization, finding that profitability remains robust despite capital ratios increasing to the highest level since the beginning of the exercise in 2012.

Bowman Comes Out Swinging on New, Costly Big-Bank Rules

Following a speech earlier this week largely siding with banks on merger policy, FRB Gov. Bowman today agreed with assertions from bank CEOs (see Client Report REFORM213) and others that the largest U.S. banks are now well capitalized as judged by ratios and effective stress testing.

FRB/FDIC Turn to Regional Resolvability

The Fed and FDIC today announced that they will shortly propose resolution guidance for most regional banks.

Daily093022.pdf

15 09, 2022

DAILY091522

2022-10-13T11:49:04-04:00September 15th, 2022|2- Daily Briefing|

Financial Transactions to Get More Stringent CFIUS Scrutiny

The President today issued an executive order (EO) redefining key criteria used by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the U.S. (CFIUS).

BNPL Faces DOA Consumer Standards

In conjunction with issuing a lengthy report, CFPB Director Chopra today announced that he has directed staff to work on new interpretive rules or guidance for the BNPL sector.

Basel Battles On

Acting as anticipated following instructions from on-high, the Basel Committee today “exchanged views” on pending crypto regulation (see FSM Report CRYPTO29) – terminology suggesting the committee has yet to reach agreement on this controversial consultation despite a request by central bankers and supervisory heads to finalize standards by year end.

Fed Joins Agencies with CRE Workout Policy

After a delay doubtless reflecting the need to run policies by Michael Barr, the FRB today proposed the same CRE-workout policies released for comment in early August by the OCC, FDIC, and NCUA.

Waters Tries Late-Game CRA Tackle

Chairwoman Waters (D-CA) today announced that she has introduced legislation to update the CRA, making the standards tougher for banks but – as far as known so far – failing to extend the law’s reach to nonbanks as urged by CFPB Director Chopra and Sen. Warren (D-CA), among others.

Daily091522.pdf

14 09, 2022

DAILY091422

2022-10-13T11:57:25-04:00September 14th, 2022|2- Daily Briefing|

Pressure Mounts for Basel Finales

The Basel Committee’s oversight body of central bankers and top supervisors has pressed nations quickly to finalize the Basel III “end-game” rules referenced not only in FRB Vice Chairman Barr’s maiden speech, but also in a statement shortly before this meeting by all of the U.S. banking agencies.

FSB Continues Work on FMI Resolvability

The FSB today announced a survey to gather feedback on its FMI Intermediary information framework to judge how to best ensure resolvability, seeking views from FMI service providers, firms subject to resolution planning, and bank resolution authorities.

CFPB, FTC Press for Furnisher Accountability

The CFPB today joined the FTC in filing an amicus brief taking strong issue with the position that furnishers of credit information have legal discretion over their investigations of indirect credit disputes (i.e., those with debt collectors acting on the furnisher’s behalf).

SEC Proposes Treasury-Market Conversion to Central Clearing

Moving to adopt its preferred solution to Treasury-market fragility, the SEC today voted 5-0 to issue a proposal requiring that market clearinghouses – i.e., FICC, require their members (generally clearing banks) to submit certain secondary-market transactions for clearing along with the small percentage now already centrally-cleared.

Gensler Stands by Tough Crypto, MMF, Climate Policy

Ahead of testimony tomorrow before the Senate Banking Committee, SEC Chairman Gensler’s testimony reaffirmed the chairman’s strong stand on its crypto jurisdiction, reiterating that crypto markets should be subject to like-kind capital rules and that registration is necessary for most crypto tokens …

9 09, 2022

DAILY090922

2022-10-24T12:01:09-04:00September 9th, 2022|2- Daily Briefing|

White House Reaffirms Anti-Algo Stand

The White House late yesterday announced core bigtech policy principles.  These are extremely general and do not go as far in areas such as antitrust that progressives sought.

U.S. Announces Start of Work on Basel “End Game”

Ahead of what might otherwise have been a fractious Basel Committee meeting, the Fed, OCC, and FDIC today reaffirmed the U.S. commitment to finalize what FRB Vice Chair Barr Wednesday called the Basel III “end-game.”

Basel Chair Announces Preliminary AI Priorities

Pablo Hernández de Cos, Chair of the Basel Committee, announced today the work that regulators plan on AI and algorithmic decision-making.

OFR Details Climate Data-Sharing Efforts

Acting OFR Director James Martin today addressed the need for integrated climate-related financial data and challenges to forecasting and modeling climate risk.

Liang Stresses Climate-Resiliency

Treasury Under Secretary Liang today reiterated an array of agency and Administration climate-risk priorities, emphasizing ongoing Treasury and FSOC climate resiliency efforts and underscoring Treasury’s commitment to a net-zero economy.

Treasury To Issue Price-Cap Sanction Guidance

Deputy Treasury Secretary Wally Adeyemo today made it clear that enforcement of the anti-Russia oil-price caps will depend not only on restricting shipping insurance, but also doing so for financial and payment services.

Daily090922.pdf

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